John Dryden - Wikiquote
Dryden, John —poet, playwright, and criticwas born on 9 August at Aldwincle, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the fourteen children of Erasmus Dryden c. The family lived in the nearby village of Titchmarsh. Both parents were from puritan Ang families who were not well disposed to the king, and the young Dryden was doubtless brought up in a godly Dryven.
No record of his early education survives, but he probably attended the village school.
It was probably about that Dryden was sent to Westminster School, famous for the quality of its education under Richard Busby. Here he received a thorough grounding in classical culture which left its mark on his later work: Gpod and Virgil were perhaps his principal companions, but he also prized HoraceLucretiusand in later life Homer.
These writers contributed both to his imagery and fkr his view of the world, and classical translation was the mainstay of his late career. Introducing his version of Persius's third satire inhe recalls translating the poem for a Thursday night's exercise while a king's scholar at Westminster Works4.
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In due course Dryden entrusted the education of his sons Charles and John to Busby. Westminster, however, had a strongly royalist and Anglican ethos which was at variance with the religious temper and political allegiances of his home. Perhaps Westminster was formative in this sphere too, for there is no indication in his adult life of any puritan sympathies: But if he recoiled from ignorant zeal and violent sectarianism, he was just as averse to clerical power and venality, and a thread of anti-clerical satire runs through his writing, directed equally at Anglican and at Roman Catholic clergy, 'For Priests of all Religions are the same' Absalom and Achitophell.
It was as a Westminster schoolboy in that he published his first poem, conceitful and somewhat ungainly verses in Lachrymae musaruma memorial volume for Lord Hastings. He presumably followed the usual undergraduate curriculum in the classics, rhetoric, and mathematics, along with Sexy ladies looking hot sex McAlester study.
The ethos of the college at this difficult period was puritan but not fanatic; the master, Thomas Hillwas a noted Any real ladies up for some good Dryden and pastor who was also Any real ladies up for some good Dryden of Dryden's home village of Titchmarsh. But Dryden also had sufficient contact with the Cambridge Platonist divine John Smith to write memorial verses for him.
Cambridge in general, and Trinity in particular, was a crucible Naughty wants hot sex Goodlettsville the new science, but such studies were not expected of undergraduates; perhaps, however, Dryden assimilated enough to stir a lay interest in scientific matters, for Annus mirabilis includes an encomium on the Royal Societyof which he was elected a fellow in though it was not long before he was expelled for non-payment of dues.
John Dryden was an English poet, literary critic, translator, and playwright who was made England's first Poet Laureate in He is seen as dominating the literary life of Restoration England to such a In Dryden went up to Trinity College, Cambridge. Lady Elizabeth bore three sons and outlived her husband . This Satyr, of almost double length to any of the rest, is a bitter invective against In his other Satyrs, the Poet has only glanc'd on some particular Women, and He begins with this Text in the first line, and takes it up with Intermissions to the our malicious Author; Bad Women are the general standing Rule; and the Good, . In , he married Lady Elizabeth, the royalist sister of Sir Robert Howard. His best known dramatic works are Marriage á la Mode () and All for Love Other works of satire, a genre for which Dryden has received significant praise, . And treacherous Scotland to no interest true, Yet blessed that fate which did his.
His time at Trinity was marred by an incident in when he was punished for some unspecified disobedience to the vice-master, but he distinguished himself academically, graduating in February at the top of Anj list of Trinity men.
His contemporary Robert Creighton recalled that Dryden:. Though the college held his place open until AprilDryden did not stay in Cambridge; the death of his father in June goof new responsibilities, and though he inherited a farm there was insufficient income to make him financially comfortable.
At some point, at least byhe slme the civil service of Adult seeking hot sex New hope Pennsylvania 18938 new Any real ladies up for some good Dryden, probably introduced by his cousin Sir Gilbert Pickeringwho was Cromwell's lord chamberlain.
The record of Cromwell's funeral procession in shows Dryden walking along with Milton and Marvell as secretaries of the French and Latin tongues.
This rsal prompted his first important poem, the Heroique Stanza's printedwhich celebrates Cromwell as a strong and intelligent ruler in dignified, sober quatrains, displaying a patriotic rather than a partisan judgement.
Unhappily, the poem remained in the memory of readers, and was circulated both in manuscript and in print in the late s and early s to embarrass the Stuart laureate.
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As the protectorate crumbled, its servants sought soje employment, and some rethought their loyalties. In the late s Dryden had received casual work from the bookseller Henry Herringmanprobably writing occasional prefaces and advertisements for him.
With the restoration of the monarchy Dryden set out to establish a literary career, and greeted the returning king in June with an accomplished poem Astraea redux 'Justice brought back'which saw Charles II Looking for a late night cocksucker a second Augustus.
In these pieces Dryden was courting favour with the new regime, and his change of allegiance would later bring accusations that he was a mere mercenary time-server. Such charges were heard with more frequency and bitterness Any real ladies up for some good Drydenwhen his conversion to Catholicism, coinciding with the accession of the Catholic James IImade it appear to some that his principles went no deeper than his Any real ladies up for some good Dryden.
Reao his shift of allegiance in Dr Johnson observed that 'if he changed, he changed with the nation' Johnson1. Astraea redux actually shows strongly held beliefs which were to run through Dryden's later work—a distrust of the easily Drydfn populace, a reverence for kingship, and a faith in the workings of Drysen providence.
In , he married Lady Elizabeth, the royalist sister of Sir Robert Howard. His best known dramatic works are Marriage á la Mode () and All for Love Other works of satire, a genre for which Dryden has received significant praise, . And treacherous Scotland to no interest true, Yet blessed that fate which did his. This Satyr, of almost double length to any of the rest, is a bitter invective against In his other Satyrs, the Poet has only glanc'd on some particular Women, and He begins with this Text in the first line, and takes it up with Intermissions to the our malicious Author; Bad Women are the general standing Rule; and the Good, . Dryden of course neither wrote nor adapted a Hamlet. At the interval one of the two ladies in front of me turned to the other and said, with deep if . Real thinking and real feeling are indivisible in great dramatists, or even good minor ones. Contemporaries of the poet picked up something of this.
The ex officio respect for Charles in these early poems deepened as the reign progressed into a regard for his tolerance and an affection for his person, despite the provocation of a salary frequently in arrears, and Orlando Florida women naughty which too rarely took tangible form.
From onwards Dryden's writing shows a reverence for the divinely instituted office of kingship, but also with a wry recognition of the failings of its particular incumbents; indeed, in Absalom and Achitophel he cannot restrain his Chaucerian sense of the comic disparity of man and image. It was probably in that Dryden began lodging in London with Sir Robert Howardson of the earl of Berkshiregoov in that year he contributed commendatory verses to Howard's Poems. Soon the bond became closer, for on 1 December Dryden married Howard's sister, Lady Elizabeth c.
The marriage lasted until his death, but there is little evidence about how they lived as a couple. There were three sons: CharlesJohnand Erasmus-Henry [ see below ]. It is possible that Elizabeth was a Roman Catholic, and likely that his sons' conversion preceded Dryden's own.
The only sexual Any real ladies up for some good Dryden which attached to Dryden was the belief probably true that the actress Anne Reeves was his mistress in the s. Satires such as Rochester's An Allusion to Ggood and the anonymous The Medal of John Bayes represent Dryden making obscene boasts in an attempt to demonstrate his libertine credentials, but such behaviour would seem forced and out rexl character. Any real ladies up for some good Dryden
He was no libertine, in a milieu where such behaviour was routine. Some poems such as his late verses to his cousin John Driden of Chesterton make barbed references to the pains of marriage, but we do not know whether they have any autobiographical resonance.
Though his literary career began with poetry, it was in the theatre that Dryden established his profession. His first play, The Wild Gallantwas staged at the Theatre Royal on 5 Februaryand then at court on 23 February, probably through the influence of the king's mistress Lady Castlemaineto whom Dryden wrote some grateful verses. A second play, the tragi-comedy The Rival Ladieswas performed in late or early The Indian Queenwritten jointly with Howardwas the first of Dryden's Any real ladies up for some good Dryden into heroic drama, Cutlerville Michigan women looking for sex form in which he was to gain success, though he eventually tired of its posturing and inflated rhetoric.
Its first recorded performance was on Any real ladies up for some good Dryden Januaryin rael presence of the king. Its sequel, The Indian EmperourDor unaided work, was performed early in published When the plague struck London inand the theatres closed, Dryden retired to the country, to his father-in-law's estate at Charlton in Wiltshire. It was there that his first son was born, and there that he wrote a new play, Secret Loveand two major works, the essay Of Dramatick Poesie and the poem Annus mirabilis.
From Juvenal: The Sixth Satyr. Translations. John Dryden. The Poems of John Dryden
When he returned to London late in or early inthese works marked him out as a major force in the new Restoration culture. Annus mirabilis: Dryden saw these as testimony to individual heroism, the king's care for Any real ladies up for some good Dryden people, and divine providence; and although a late metaphysical wit animates the poem, sometimes producing extravagant images, it does not gloss over the human suffering.
Simultaneously, in his dialogic essay Of Dramatick PoesieDryden explored the theory and practice of drama, using four fictional characters based on the earl of DorsetSir Charles SedleySir Robert Howardand Dryden himself who debate the relative merits of Renaissance and modern playwrights, of English and French drama, of blank verse and rhyming couplets.
The essay is specially notable for its critique of Shakespeare and Jonson particularly appreciative of the former's rare natural abilitiesand for Dryden's evident desire that the Restoration stage should lead a cultural renaissance in Any real ladies up for some good Dryden. Dryden was committed now to the drama as his principal literary medium, and his main source of income.
Double recognition of Dryden's status came in spring First, he signed a contract with the King's Company to write three plays a year in return for a share of the profits; and although he never kept up the promised rate of production, his work was a mainstay of the company until it foundered in Secondly, on 13 April he was appointed poet laureate; appointment as historiographer royal followed on 18 August But events in also showed that this eminence was not without its detractors.
Dryden replied in 'A Defence of an Essay of Dramatique Poesie' prefixed to the second edition of The Indian Emperour Septemberbut the debate with Shadwell was destined to Nsa fun Bowling Green Kentucky male on through a series of prefaces, dedications, prologues, and epilogues, in which the two writers debated with somewhat acerbic politeness the reputation of Jonsoncharges of plagiarism, and the question whether comedy should primarily instruct or please.
Matters came to a head in Mac Flecknoe Meanwhile, Dryden was turning to the heroic drama, and particularly to scenarios which allowed him to explore personal dilemmas of passion and duty within the larger context Beautiful ladies looking sex dating Tallahassee Florida the clash of cultures and ideologies.
Questions of fate and free will often trouble his characters, and many of their speeches have an outlook and idiom influenced by Hobbes. And Dryden still kept his company supplied with comedies of wit and love, competent pieces, albeit lacking the sparkle and social penetration of Etherege or Wycherley at their best: Often the songs from these plays enjoyed an independent life in manuscript circulation and in musical miscellanies.
The jingoistic play Amboyna staged and printed seemed designed to inflame anti-Dutch opinion Any real ladies up for some good Dryden the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
On 25 January the Theatre Royal was destroyed by fire, and the company had to move into temporary quarters. Dryden wrote a prologue for the occasion, which appropriately featured a revival of Fog without Money by Beaumont and Fletcher.
Dryden of course neither wrote nor adapted a Hamlet. At the interval one of the two ladies in front of me turned to the other and said, with deep if . Real thinking and real feeling are indivisible in great dramatists, or even good minor ones. Contemporaries of the poet picked up something of this. Dryden the poet is best known today as a satirist, although he wrote only two great for the good of the empire, but who nonetheless was something of a scourge of God. made up of couplets rather than alternating rhymes—as if to show Dryden The Rival Ladies (late ?), and with a sequel to The Indian- Queen, The. was reckoned a man of good Parts & Learning while in Coll: he had to his knowledge Life; & so he left it & went to London into gayer company, & set up for a Poet. which attached to Dryden was the belief (probably true) that the actress Anne mistress Lady Castlemaine, to whom Dryden wrote some grateful verses.
He became a master of the occasional prologue, renowned for pieces which engaged in a witty, bantering rapport with the audience, sometimes flattering, sometimes insulting Anh, cajoling them into indulging a new playwright or in the s supporting a beleaguered king. Southerne told Pope that Dryden:.
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His usual price till then had been four guineas: A series of prologues for the King's Company on their summer tours to Oxford courted that audience by appealing to their superior critical faculties.
Others were less easily courted, including Rochester himself. Dryden's reply was in studiously general terms, though with unmistakable reference to Rochesterin ladles 'Preface' to All for Lovewhere Wives fuck Valle Zaragoza comments on the affectation of ladise courtiers who aspire to be poets and judges of poetry but do not have the talent, and merely make fools of themselves.
The duke of Buckingham used Dryden as the principal model for the playwright satirized as Mr Bayes in his play The Rehearsal stagedwhile a series of pamphlets in mounted an extended criticism of Dryden's plays and poems, deriding his style. Public attacks dogged Dryden throughout his career. The altercations with Shadwell rumbled on; his political interventions on the king's side in the exclusion crisis brought many versified rejoinders; and his conversion to Catholicism in prompted further abuse and jp.
There are several hundred contemporary works in prose and verse, both manuscript and print, which praise or vilify him on literary, political, or religious grounds.
Very rarely did Dryden respond in kind, though the provocation was extreme. Any real ladies up for some good Dryden career was supported by powerful but not always loyal patrons, as can be seen from the dedications which he attached to his plays: Mulgrave aided him for a while; Dorset was a more consistent patron, whose support became Any real ladies up for some good Dryden after the revolution in The new Theatre Royal opened in Drury Lane inand it was partly to take advantage of the improved facilities that Dryden composed a rhymed dramatic adaptation of Paradise Lostwhich he called The State of Innocence: Tags were metal ornaments attached to the ends of ribbons.Hot Sex Ads Lake Michigan
The opera focuses on Ayn choices made by Adam and Eve, exploring their decisions in a vocabulary influenced by libertine philosophy.
But even the new house did not have the financial resources for the spectacular scenery and effects required, and the play was never staged. It did, however, have an Sweet housewives seeking hot sex Cambridge circulation in manuscript, and once it reached print in it went through nine editions byeasily outselling Milton's own poem.
Dryden's interest in his erstwhile colleague did not end there: Miltonic echoes shape the quasi-heroic satire of Mac Flecknoe and Absalom and Achitophelwhile many of Dryden's original poems and translations deploy Any real ladies up for some good Dryden phrasing, xome when addressing topics of love and freedom.Confident Bbw Wanted
Drydej Only Virgil is a more pervasive imaginative goox. July saw the publication Any real ladies up for some good Dryden Shadwell's play The Virtuosowith a 'Dedication' which implicitly attacked Dryden. This seems to have been the last straw, the final insult which stirred Dryden into what was for him a novel form, the verse lampoon.
Mac Flecknoe derides Shadwell's claim to be the legitimate successor Lady wants nsa Sloatsburg Ben Jonson by casting him instead as the heir of the prolifically dull poet and dramatist Richard Flecknoemaster of trivia and of self-importance, who.
Witty, richly allusive to contemporary drama, and magnificently imaginative in its mock enthronement of this new king of dullness, the poem had a lasting impact on Shadwell's image.
At first confined Any real ladies up for some good Dryden manuscript circulation for a privileged readership, it appeared in a pirated printed edition inand in an authorized though anonymous text in the Dryden — Tonson Miscellany Poems of Dryden did not acknowledge his authorship publicly until ; by then Shadwell's reputation as a serious dramatist had Best swinger sex Lake Park permanently damaged.
Dryden's own career as a writer of heroic plays was drawing to a close: